Program for the Fall 2011 Multidisciplinary Research Day
DEPARTMENT OF ART
Christgen, Victoria. ESTABLISHING A SYSTEM OF GREEN SAND CASTING AT MISSOURI WESTERN STATE UNIVERSITY.
Green sand casting is a method of reproducing objects in bronze and aluminum. The purpose of this research is to institute a system of green sand casting at MWSU. It is believed that this system will be a more environmentally and fiscally responsible method with a higher production rate than the current lost-wax investment system. Through observations at local foundries and gathering information from books, videos, and internet sites, I hope to obtain the knowledge needed to construct the equipment and tools necessary to begin sand casting. It is predicted that sand casting will be more efficient, have a lower toxicity, and allow for re-use of materials over the traditional lost-wax investment method.
Faculty Sponsor: NEIL LAWLEY
DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY
Breit, Bradley; Decker, Jacob. RELATIVE ABUNDANCE AND SPECIES DIVERSITY ON THE HUZZAH CREEK.
On the field trip to REIS Biological Station for Entomology class, we canoed the Huzzah Creek and sampled the stream for aquatic insect species. We found three locations of riffle and run microhabitats to sample benthic invertebrates using a kicknet. All specimens were properly collected, preserved, sorted, counted, and matched up to a voucher series of known species. Once all specimens were identified, the data collected was entered into SPSS, Quantan, and Microsoft Excel to statistically analyze our hypothesis of whether or not a difference in relative abundance of and the diversity of species between the two microhabitats exists. Faculty Sponsor: DR. DAVID ASHLEY
Hunt-Viehland, Samantha; Montgomery, Lisa; Sigmon, Mickey; Slawson, Anna; Petty, Aaron. Den selection by female raccoons in an urban habitat.
We evaluated approximately 23 densite characteristics for female raccoons resting sites during summer in NW Missouri. The purpose was to determine if female raccoons selected resting sites based upon a set of criteria, or simply randomly selected their day time resting sites. We found that female racoons selected densites based upon several physical characteristics, and that their choices were statistically different that what would be expected by random selection.
Faculty Sponsor: Cary Chevalier
Hunt-Viehland, Samantha; Montgomery, Lisa; Mazurkewycz, Misha; Sigmon, Mickey; Slawson, Anna; Petty, Aaron. Blood serum chemistry and hematology in field fresh raccoons from northwest missouri during summer season.
We evaluated blood chemistry and hematology on field fresh raccoons from NW Missouri chemically immobilized with a Ketamine/Acepromazine/ Atropine cocktail. Data from males and females was compared. Faculty Sponsor: Cary Chevalier
Kelley, Mike Montgomery, Lisa Morris, Kerri. INFRARED AND WHITE LIGHT AS AN ATTRACTANT TO AQUATIC INSECT SPECIES IN VERNAL POOLS.
Students of Entomology went to Reis Biological Area in Crawford County, MO to research the species richness and abundance of aquatic insects in vernal pools located in forested areas. The goal was to investigate if there was a significant difference in the aquatic insects species that were more attracted to white light or to infrared light. Faculty Sponsor: DR. ASHLEY
Maltsbarger, Brenton; Deveau, Nicole; Schumacher, Ben. POLLINATOR CONE TRAP STUDY ON A MISSOURI WESTERN STATE UNIVERSITY PRAIRIE.
Pollinators benefit us in astounding ways. They allow our plants and crops to reproduce, which allows them to grow and allow us to harvest and eat them. The study performed was done by placing pollinator cone traps in various areas of a prairie located on the Missouri Western State University campus. We placed pollinator traps with and without colored flags attached to the traps and they were setup over grass, white aster, or clover occupied areas of the prairie. There was a large diversity of species that were captured with the traps and these pollinators were then compared statistically. Faculty Sponsor: DR. DAVID ASHLEY
(North, Amy)(Sigmon, Mickey)(Slayton, Margaret). KICKNET AQUATIC SAMPLING AT PLATTE RIVER, BUCHANAN COUNTY, MISSOURI.
A variety of methods can be utilized in observing insect populations in different habitats. We gathered aquatic pond samples from the Platte River using the kicknet as a method to survey the insect orders present. There were four groups of students that used the kicknet to collect three samples in the ruffle and run regions of the river. The data was categorized into the number of insects found in each order and the comparison of specimens between the ruffle and run portions of the river. Faculty Sponsor: DR. DAVID ASHLEY
Simmons, Daniel. THE FISHES OF OTOE CREEK.
We conducted a survey of the fishes of Otoe Creek, Buchanan Co., Missouri. Approximately 95% of our sample consisted of Creek Chubs (Semotilus atromaculatus), which were especially abundant in the more upstream reaches. We found no fish upstream of I-29, and creek chubs were the dominant species until we reach Riverside Road. We collected one Golden Shiner in the upstream portion. Below Riverside Road, we picked up an additional 8 more species and found little evidence of creek chubs; however, the abundance of fish in the downstream section declined (i.e., more species, but fewer of them).
Faculty Sponsor: DR. MARK MILLS
(Simmons,Daniel) (Whitesell,Aimee) (Cook,Richard). THE CORRELATION BETWEEN INVERTEBRATES AND FISHES OF OTOE CREEK.
This study was conducted with the idea of finding a correlation between the data collected in the study of the fishes of Otoe Creek and the invertebrates found within the creek. For this study we broke Otoe Creek up into three sections upstream, midstream, and downstream. Each section had eight leaf pack sites that were sampled to collect aquatic invertebrates from. There were four sites that were sampled by a kick net and four sites that were sampled by a long handled dip net. This was a quantitative study so we collected everything at each site for this study. The study is still under way so there will be future data. Faculty Sponsor: DR. DAVID ASHLEY
(Voltmer, Leah) (Wagner, Danielle) (Bembrick, Mitchell). BIODIVERSITY ASSESSMENT OF AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES ON MWSU CAMPUS.
Five ponds on the Missouri Western State University campus were surveyed for invertebrate diversity and abundance, using BioQuip Aquatic Light traps. Samples were sorted and specimens classified according to taxonomic Order. A voucher series for observed aquatic invertebrates was compiled, which will provide useful in future studies. The data was analyzed for species richness and abundance. Additionally, the Shannon and Simpson Diversity Indices were calculated. Further analysis yielded no significant results indicating the need for further study and sampling of these study areas.
Faculty Sponsor: DAVID ASHLEY
(Voltmer, Leah) (Bembrick, Mitchell) (Bremer, Brittany) (McMillian, Heather). POPULATION ECOLOGY OF TURTLES ON THE CAMPUS OF MISSOURI WESTERN STATE UNIVERSITY: YEAR THREE .
we have initiated a study of the population dynamics
of turtles on the MWSU campus. Turtles lend
themselves to the type of studies that high school
or undergraduate college students can easily master
because of their relative ease of capture and
ability to be permanently marked. This study will
also lay the foundation for a long-term
investigation of turtles on the MWSU campus.
Additionally, as interested students become
available, this research will lead to other
collaborative research projects, including:
ecotoxicology studies, population genetics, and life
history studies. Faculty Sponsor: DR. MARK MILLS
Mazurkewycz, Misha. WORKING WITH TRIBAL WATER.
Water quality is essential to everyday life. At a neighboring tribal nation several parameters were tested during a field season between April 2011 and October 2011. Within this field season nine sites were sampled twice a month. The tested parameters in the field included: pH, temperature, conductivity, turbidity, and dissolved oxygen. The tested parameters that were collected in the field then analyzed in a lab included: E-coli, pesticides, and nutrients. This collection gave a start to the base values for water quality with seasonal variances. This research is still in the preliminary stage and will require more research. Faculty Sponsor: CARY CHEVALIER
Persinger, Ryan. NATURAL HISTORY EDUCATION IN THE STATE PARK SYSTEM.
My summer internship at Weston Bend and Lewis and Clark state parks was an applied learning experience through the development and presentation of natural history programs. Through these programs the state park system supports its mission to interpret the state’s natural and cultural landmarks. I developed and presented programs on topics such as Lewis and Clark, mammals, birds, animal sounds, and many others. Attendance of weekend programs at Weston Bend and Lewis and Clark state parks ranged from 5 to 30 people. Faculty Sponsor: DR. CARY CHEVALIER
DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE MATH AND PHYSICS
Analytical Papers and Analyses
Hottelman, Alex; Burgess, Logan. FRACTALS USING GEOMETER'S SKETCHPAD.
To the unknowing eye, fractals are just a pretty geometric picture
or an optical illusion. A fractal can be defined as a geometric shape
that can be split into smaller parts that are similar to the whole.
Fractals are created by iteration, or an equation that derives the
next step from the previous result. Fractal Geometry can be viewed
as the translation of objects from an original to a self-replicating
copy. The simplest fractal form can be created by an initiator line
and a generator, this will be poster will give various examples. Faculty Sponsor: DR. GAVIN WATERS
Morrison, Kurtis; Stevens, Jeffrey. SMILE! IT’S THE GEOMETRY OF OPTICS!.
A look into the geometry of optics, focusing the transformation of
images through lenses. We explore the properties of different
shaped lenses, and how they form images. Particular focus is given
to the disparity between real and virtual images. Faculty Sponsor: DR. GAVIN WATERS
Computer animation relies heavily on the projection of three
dimensional objects onto two dimensional space. Our team
demonstrated this concept with two platonic solids, an
icosahedron and a dodecahedron. Overlaying these solids shows
their relationship as duals, which becomes even more apparent
after rotating and scaling them. Once we discovered how to
perform a projection, we expanded the idea to be able to illustrate
any three dimensional object in two dimensions, such as a
snowflake. Faculty Sponsor: DR. GAVIN WATERS
McRae, Chad. PROJECT CAVALLA.
The USS Cavalla is a World War 2, Gato class submarine that served in World War 2 and fought against in the Pacific Ocean, hunting enemy ships. Since then, it has been made a museum ship in Galveston Bay, Texas, and in 2008 it was severely damaged by Hurricane Ike.
This project is a tool to bring attention to the submarine by redesigning the website for the Cavalla, originally built in 1997. Along with a new, dynamic website, the Project Cavalla team is building a 3d simulation that will allow users to experience the harrowing dangers that men that served aboard the Cavalla faced daily.
Parts of the simulation will continue even after the project is done. Using new 3d modeling tools and a powerful 3d engine, a full game will be the final development for bringing national attention to the ship.
Faculty Sponsor: CONNIE HECKER
Barton, Bethany; Wood, Amanda. THEORIES IN WASAN AND YOSAN (WESTERN) GEOMETRIES..
Wasan geometry was developed in Japan while under seclusion
from the rest of the world. During that time period, 1603-1867,
some major theorems were developed in western countries. Japan
had similar ideas, but the methods of proving them were different.
Wasan geometry is viewed today more as an art form rather than
for its original purpose. This presentation will illustrate some of
the differences between the two forms.
Faculty Sponsor: DR. GAVIN WATERS
DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY
Irwin, Ryan. MECHANIZED ROBOTICS THROUGH MICROCONTROLLER CODING.
This project’s goals were to further understand and utilize the power of electricity as a way to simplify the mechanics of a precise task and to obtain a level of accuracy with high standards. The power of the modern microcontroller can achieve these tasks with complex design built for speed and efficiency. While demonstrating a very small fraction of the potential from microcontrollers, a circuit has been built to move about the x and y dimensions mechanically with use of servo motors. To obtain the axis positions desired, software is created and downloaded to the microcontroller which interprets the transmission of electronic data to mechanical movement. Faculty Sponsor: DR. ZHAO ZHANG
Lawing, Jeremy. EXPLORATION OF THE PROPELLER DEMO BOARD.
The Propeller Demo Board is an easy to use
microcomputer that utilizes the propeller
microprocessor chip manufactured by Parallax. The
Demo Board has mouse and keyboard inputs, vga and
tv outputs, a built in programming circuit, and
additional pins which can be configured for input
or output. The focus of this exploration centered
around simple video games. A game was developed
which utilized the 8 cogs (processors). Four cogs
are used in this game, one for each of the 4
characters. Other games were modified to use
alternate input methods, such as a game pad or
keyboard. Faculty Sponsor: ZHANG, ZHAO
DEPARTMENT OF NURSING
Pierce, Sarah. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SPIRITUAL CARE, NURSING ACTIONS AND PATIENT SATISFACTION.
Although spiritual care is often provided by chaplains in an acute care setting, spiritual care is an essential component of holistic nursing practice (Krietzer et al, 2009). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between spiritual care, nursing actions and patient satisfaction. Satisfaction surveys for all patients receiving spiritual care in the year 2010 (n=801) were extracted and analyzed. In addition, qualitative surveys from hospital chaplains (n=8) were reviewed. The results of this study and implications for interprofessional practice will be discussed. Faculty Sponsor: STEPHANIE CORDER
Yeh, Pi-Ming; Bates, Amanda; Gengelbach, Kelley; Mitchell, Danielle; Chiao, Cheng-Huei. FACTORS INFLUENCING COLLEGE STUDENTS’ PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING AND SUICIDAL IDEATION.
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of college students’ spiritual well-being, anxiety, depression, and coping strategies on the psychological well-being and suicidal ideation. There were 80 college students recruited from an university in USA. A descriptive research design was used. The Stepwise Multiple Regression model variables accounted for 44% of the psychological well-being variance, and 51.4% for suicidal ideation. Higher scores of spiritual well-being and lower scores of depression were found to predict significantly greater psychological well-being. Higher scores of depression and anxiety were found to predict significantly greater suicidal ideation. Faculty Sponsor: YEH, PI-MING
Yeh, Pi-Ming; Simmons, Rachel; Bishop, Mary; Conroy, Katie; Taylor, Stephanie; Chiao, Cheng-Huei. THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN FAMILY INTERACTION, COLLEGE STUDENT’S PERSONALITY, AND COPING STRATEGIES.
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among college students’ family interaction, personality, and coping strategies. There were 80 college students recruited. A descriptive research design was used. There were significantly positive relationships between problem-focused engagement coping strategy with child monitor, inductive reasoning, communication, positive reinforcement, involvement, and total scores of positive parents’ rearing attitude. There were significantly positive relationships between total scores of personality with child monitor, inductive reasoning, communication, involvement, total scores of positive parents’ rearing attitude, and self-behavior. There was a significantly positive relationship between problem-focused disengagement and total scores of personality. Faculty Sponsor: YEH, PI-MING
DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
Boan, Erica. RACIAL DIFFERENCES THROUGHOUT HISTORY.
This poster discuses the idea of race, what the word means and
how people of science have studied the different races of the years.
It discusses the ideas of social darwinism, eugenics, self
consciousness, self identification, different experiments used to
measure differences and similarities of the races. It provides
evidence of the experiments that were done, regardless of their
correctness (as many were poorly done) and how they effected
society. Faculty Sponsor: DR. WANN
Comninellis, Brittany, Erickson, Anna, Griffin, Brandon, Hiatt, Dara, Kramer, Kelly, Rock, Cameron. INCREASING CHILDREN'S PERSONAL AGENCY THROUGH APPLIED SERVICE LEARNING.
Children may be aware of health information on diet,
exercise, and healthy behaviors, however many
children have no role in household decisions.
Personal agency is the ability to direct one’s own
actions. This research sought to determine if
structured activities with children would develop
and encourage their personal agency in encouraging
interactions between self and parent(s) . This
research is still being conducted. Faculty Sponsor: DR. TEDDI DEKA
Duerfeldt, Carolyn; Kerns, Vanessa; Klingensmith, Nicole; Schuster, Jennifer; McDonald, Megan; Wooten, Kember. THE EFFECTS OF PEDALING ON MAZE SOLVING.
The field of psychology assumed that the mind operates in a vacuum, with no influence from the body. Recent researchers have challenged this assumption. They propose a theory of embodied cognition which considers the body’s interaction with the mind. Empirical studies support the idea that movement could impact cognition. In this study, participants pedaled forward, backwards, or not at all while completing mazes. Pedaling forward was predicted to facilitate maze completion by priming the participants’ spatial cognition. Interestingly, pedaling did not affect the maze solving performance. Our findings suggest that maze solving performance may be independent of pedaling. Faculty Sponsor: DR. JEREMIAH D. STILL
Garcia, Cindy. HISTORY OF RACE IN PSYCHOLOGY.
Abstract \\r\\nRace in the history of psychology was never fully considered extensively until the 1970s, but the concept of race was constructed well before the eighteenth century (Cherry, 2005). The history of the psychology of race has a long background, which delves into the idea of eugenics, intelligence testing and racial genetic differences The purpose of the current paper is to explore in detail the events that led to the creation of the concept of race and how that development affected the history of the psychology of race. Furthermore, it was also the purpose of the current paper to investigate how the past of the psychology of race has impacted the current status quo.\\r\\n\\r\\n Faculty Sponsor: WANN
Griffin, Jennifer. BYSTANDER IDENTIFICATION ACCURACY: MEMORY FOR FACES AMONG EMOTIONAL STIMULI.
Research has shown that emotion can have negative effects on memory in some circumstances. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of emotion on memory for faces. This was done by placing images of faces among mock news articles that consisted of a picture and story that either conveyed a negative emotion or were neutral. Participant’s memory for the faces was later tested and they were asked to rate the stimuli. No significant differences were found, suggesting that emotion did not have an adverse effect on memory for faces. Faculty Sponsor: DR. MARY STILL
Griffin, Brandon. PSYCHOLOGY OF SEX DIFFERENCES.
Questions and concern regarding the psychological nature of males and females is something we often talk about. In the society we live in often times women are seen as inferior to men. In the field of psychology these bias too exist. For women seem to lack the knowledge and prestige of the man. Are these beliefs broad generalizations and biases or are there truths behind these sex differences. In this paper I will highlight the fact that in Psychology from the 19th through the 21st century there were sex differences between males and females where males were seen as superior. Faculty Sponsor:
Morgan, Rebecca. :) ONLY IF YOU MEAN IT: EMOTICON PERCEPTION IN SENTENCES.
Computer-mediated communication is increasing in use and popularity. In electronic communication important social and contextual cues can be lost. This study was designed to examine the role of emoticons in supplementing or replacing those missing cues. This was done by displaying phrases in either a positive, negative, or neutral condition. The conditions were established by inserting a happy face, sad face, or nothing at the end of the phrase. Participants were asked to rate the phrases by selecting various emotions from a list. If participants’ ratings are affected by emoticons, it suggests they can provide context cues for the reader. Faculty Sponsor: DR. MARY STILL
Padilla, Rosy, & Miller, Kristen. SO THEY BELIEVE? RELIGIOUS WELL-BEING IN STRAIGHT AND GLB POPULATIONS. .
Previous research has indicated that religious and sexual identity integration is a challenging process for the LGB population given the stigma that many religious groups have for homosexuals. Little research has been conducted on the spiritual well-being of the LGB population. We hypothesized that the LGB population would have lower existential and religious well-being than the heterosexual population. Forty college student participants completed an online survey that included the Spiritual Well-being Scale amongst other measures. A MANOVA and one-way ANOVAs indicated that there is no difference between the two populations regarding existential well-being, but heterosexuals showed a higher religious well-being than the LGB population. Qualitative research should be conducted to determine what specifically accounts for these differences. Faculty Sponsor: RUSS PHILLIPS
Shoemaker, Bryce. BURRHUS FREDRICK SKINNER AND HIS RESEARCH .
This poster is about Burrhus Fredrick Skinner and his work and research in the field of psychology. I explore his research and idea on operant conditioning along with his idea with shaping and types of reinforcements that he coined. This poster also go in depth in his line of psychotherapy and modern examples to describe its use. Faculty Sponsor: JIM BARGER
Starling, Linda, Roesle, Hannah, Green, L'Chelle, Morales, Lindsey, Grooms, Amber,James, Terra. PARENT ATTITUDES TOWARD CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND COMMUNITY PROGRAMMING.
The present study was a collaboration between the local arm of Success by 6 and a research team in the university psychology program. The purpose of the study was to examine parental beliefs about the importance of interaction with their children. A questionnaire measured parent beliefs about activities such as reading, singing, and playing with children, as well as attitudes toward these activities on Likert scales. Open-ended questions assessed perceived barriers to interaction with one’s offspring and demographic information. Questionnaires were distributed to parents at child care facilities associated with the United Way, and were anonymously returned through the same. Analysis of data will assess the impact of Success by 6’s educational program and inform future program development. Faculty Sponsor: KELLY HENRY
Graduate Student Research
Noakes, Nathan Williams, Antoinette. ROLLO MAY: EXISTENTAILISM, THE PHILOSOPHY OF HUMAN NATURE AND PSYCHOANALYSIS.
Rollo May was known as the father of American existential psychology. He was able to tie together the philosophy of human nature with psychoanalysis. May focused his research on anxiety, power, creativity, intentions, love, will or diamonics, and loss of values. He also found it essential that we be aware of ourselves and responsible for ourselves so that we may in effect become our true selves. In addition, although May focused his theories towards being, he also focused on the nonbeing, or death, and found nonexistence as necessary as existence. Faculty Sponsor: DR. BARGAR
Brooks, Timothy. MEN VERSUS WOMEN: A CONSTANT STRUGGLE TO BE DIFFERENT.
In Western culture, conventional belief holds that
women are the more emotional gender. Stereotypes
depict women as being more “in touch” with their
emotions and as more emotionally responsive.
Psychologists such as Freud and Herman Spencer
believed that it was due to nature that women were
this way; that they are incapable of rational mental
processes and less aggressive and adventurous than
men. Feminist psychologists argue that women are not
biologically configured this way but that that they
chose to be more emotionally tied to situations and
less violent. Studies show that there are few
differences between men and women. Perhaps the
environment and culture play a role in this view. Is
it possible that we live in an androgynous world
attempting to validate its individuality by making
women seem different and inferior to “the man?” Faculty Sponsor: PHILLIP WANN
Carr, David. A WORD ON THE HISTORY OF FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY.
The history of Forensic Psychology spans just over a
hundred years. The individuals discussed are only
those that are essential to the structure and nature
of the field of Forensic Psychology. The kinds of
things that are studied by these individuals are
directly relevant to individual psychological issues
that come up in a legal setting. The objects of
interest to these historical figures are generally
the witness, accused, convicted and juror, but can
be any person involved in the legal process.
General principles of human nature and their legal
relevance are found and applied by these figures to
the field. Their work calls for changes in nearly
all applied areas of the law from prevention to
treatment of guilty persons to discourage
recidivism. Faculty Sponsor: PHILLIP WANN
Comninellis, Brittany . SEX DIFFERENCES; A HISTORICAL REVIEW.
This paper examines some of the historical events that led to contemporary psychologists’ views on sex differences. Starting at the turn of the 20th century and spanning in to the early 21st century, the affiliation of sex differences with the three waves of feminism is discussed as well as the prominent psychologists who added to the wealth of knowledge surrounding sex differences. Faculty Sponsor: DR. P. WANN
Creekmore, Danielle. THE HISTORY OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY.
School psychology is a field that applies principles of clinical psychology and educational psychology to the diagnosis and treatment of children's and adolescents' behavioral and learning problems. School psychologists are educated in psychology, child and adolescent development, child and adolescent psychopathology, education, family and parenting practices, learning theories, and personality theories. Stanley Hall, Lightner Witmer, Edward Thorndike, Lewis Terman, Alfred Binet, and Arnold Gesell are major contributors to school psychology. Faculty Sponsor: DR. WANN
Green, L'Chelle. PSYCHOLOGY WHEN DEALING WITH SCHOOL DESEGREGATION.
School desegregation is something that took a toll on children and somewhat their attitudes towards others and also affected their self-esteem. Kenneth Clark and other psychologists studied how desegregation and segregation affected black students as well as white students. This paper examines how psychologists helped end desegregation with the Brown vs. Board of Education ruling and the effects it had on the students psychologically. Faculty Sponsor: PHILLIP WANN
Grooms, Amber. HISTORY OF INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY.
The field of Industrial and Organizational Psychology has been discussed long before the American Psychology Association recognized it as a field of psychology because of Wilhelm Wundt. Wilhelm Wundt was a very influential figure in I/O psychology because of his laboratory and the people he educated. The purpose of this paper is to explore the history of Industrial and Organizational Psychology and the impact it has on psychology today. Faculty Sponsor: DR. WANN
Hiatt, Dara. THE EMERGENCE OF VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE COUNSELING IN PSYCHOLOGY.
A need for vocational guidance counselors emerged
after the turn of a new century. The early 20th
century surfaced advances in new technologies. With
these technologies brought more employment
opportunities. These advancements brought about some
downfalls; the drop-out rate of children in schools
grew increasingly high as did juvenile delinquency.
It appeared that teachers couldn’t teach and give
their students the guidance they desperately needed
in their lives. Once the times of the zeitgeist were
right, vocational guidance counselors emerged;
giving the children guidance and stepping them into
the right direction. These emerging counselors paved
the way for more programs to become available. This
has created over 600 programs of vocational guidance
counseling today. Faculty Sponsor: DR. WANN
Hull, Matthew . PSYCHOLOGY OF RACE.
Race is still an on-going debate in psychology and will be for many years to come. Philosophical thinkers and scientists have contributed a plentiful thought provoking information on race. Through examining the development and early history of psychology of race this will provide adequate enough background too fully appreciate how far race has come. Exploring the main ideas of innate intelligence, eugenics, biological determinism, monogenism, polygenism, and hereditarianism is essential. These concepts and many others are what defined race in psychology from the 17th century all the way through the 20th century. Faculty Sponsor:
Jones, Rachel. THE HISTORY OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIORS.
Some of the experiments that researchers do in studies today have to come from somewhere; many of the studies that are done are ones previous psychologists have completed, and are replicated with those past psychologists becoming an influence to those studies and the psychologists performing them. This paper is focusing on the well- known psychologist Albert Bandura. He has done many things, and his theories are used on a regular basis in psychology today. He has had many before him influence his work on aggression and social learning, as well as he has influenced many of the psychologists that are around today. Faculty Sponsor: DR. WANN
Klingensmith, Nicole. PSYCHOLOGY IN THE FORENSIC ARENA: EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY.
Often times in the legal arena, eyewitness
identification is the only piece of evidence on
which prosecution hinges. Faulty eyewitness
testimony is the leading cause of wrongful
convictions in the United States. Elizabeth Loftus
devoted her career in experimental psychology to
research on human memory and jury behavior in
hopes of aiding the judicial system in reducing
the number of wrongful convictions due to
eyewitness testimony. The application of
psychology to the legal arena, however, was not
unheard of before Loftus. Many psychologists
contributed to the study cognition and memory,
especially the work of Hugo Münsterberg.
Münsterberg’s publication of On the Witness Stand
was the first literature to point out the faults
of eyewitness testimony in the courtroom and
called for education of the triers of fact to be
educated in the faults of human memory. The
application of Münsterberg’s along with other
psychologists’ contributions to the legal arena
laid the foreground for Elizabeth Loftus’s career. Faculty Sponsor: DR. PHILLIP WANN
Kramer, Kelly. SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY.
School Psychology has come a long way since the
1890s when it was first established and even in
the last 30 years it has improved dramatically.
There have been many researchers that have taken
an interest into this area, and some of them
include Lightner Witmer, Arnold Gesell and Leta
Hollingworth; these individuals have made many
contributions to the area that has made a impact
on psychology. Over the years many government acts
were established such as, No Child Left Behind,
All Children Handicapped Children Act of 1975,
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and
Individuals with Disabilities Education
Improvement Act. The governement approved these
into the educational system based around children
with disabilities and or handicap to make sure
they get the appropriate support that they may
need in order to receive a proper education.
School Psychologist are individuals that work
specifically with students in elementary through
high school that are in these special education
programs to help figure out accommodations on
their behalf. Their main goal is to make sure
that each special service that they student may
need is being met. To this day the researchers,
especially Witmer, made an impact on today’s
psychology and we still use some of their
techniques, when approaching a new student, which
may need special treatment.
Faculty Sponsor: DR. WANN
Matthys, Zachary. DEWEY'S EDUCATIONAL THEORY AND INFLUENCE ON THE EDUCATIONAL MODEL.
Dewey`s theories on education have and continue to influence the way we educate our children. Dewey wrote much on the laboratory school that he used to practice his methods. There the students were taught using a more applied learning approach and group effort. The shift in cultural dynamics has greatly influenced what type of teaching is done in schools, either the "Progressive model" which comes mostly from Dewey's ideas or the "Traditional model" which is based on hundreds of years of formal learning. As the nation shifted and become more saturated with immigrants it became increasingly obvious that the traditional model is not always best suited to learning. Faculty Sponsor: DR. WANN
Palmer, A. Brooke. THE HISTORY AND RESEARCH ON SEX DIFFERENCES.
Sex differences have often been a topic of discussion and research in psychology. This paper explains the history and how research began in this area. Women psychologists were some of the first to begin studies in order to dispute stigmas of the time, that women were inadequate where intelligence is involved. Previous studies will be discussed and what influenced two women in particular to begin their research. These women were Leta Hollingworth and Helen Bradford Woolley. Faculty Sponsor: DR. WANN
Wooten, Kember. A SELECTIVE HISTORY OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY.
Clinical psychology found its beginnings in a clinic started by psychologist Lightner Witmer. Many other people had a hand in the growth of the field, included in this paper are Albert Ellis, Hans J. Eysenck, Edwin Shneidman, and Hans H. Strupp. Each man had a hand in what was important to the field at the time and each left an impact on the field as it is today. Faculty Sponsor: DR. PHIL WANN
Souther, Thomas . AARON T. BECK, THE FATHER OF COGNITIVE THERAPY.
Aaron T. Beck’s theory of cognition has been the cornerstone in his research of depression. This poster outlines his biography, his influences, the theories of cognition and depression, and, ultimately, the creation of the Beck Institute. Faculty Sponsor: DR. BARGER
Bisig, Shianne. GEORGE KELLY: THE MAN BEHIND THE GLASSES.
Every man is there own scientist according to George
Kelly. They go through life using previous
experiences to create hypothesis, or constructs, to
anticipate outcomes of future events. His theory of
personal constructs has been the main idea in the
creation of future therapies and tests. From the
Fixed Role Therapy to the Repertory Test, George
Kelly has created a psychological idea that explains
how we, as human beings, react to situations using
past experiences. In a world overcome by
behaviorism, he stood up to remind us that our
psychological processes can not be forgotten because
it is the essence of psychology.
Faculty Sponsor: DR. BARGAR
Bryant, Hannah. MARGARET MAHLER.
Among students of child development, educators, and mental health workers of all kinds, Margaret Mahler is best known as the author of <|>The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant|> (1975), a groundbreaking study of the developmental process by which human infants become psychological human beings--the process, that is, by which infants grow into children who are independent and become self-aware individuals with a capacity for self-reflection. Mahler's background information, separation-individuation process theory, and contributions and influences in the psychology field will be presented. Faculty Sponsor: DR. BARGAR
Chuda, Angela. HARRY STACK SULLIVAN .
Harry Stack Sullivan shifted the way psychologists thought about personality by emphasizing the effect of interpersonal relationships on the way humans behave and relate to others. He believed a person cannot be studied outside of its relationships with others, and that their personalities are the result of interactions with others. Faculty Sponsor: JIM BARGAR
Cotton, Leah . ALFRED ADLER THEORY.
Alfred Adler departed from Freud's school of thought
and founded the Individual Psychology movement.
Adler thought that Freud overemphasized the effect
of biological and instinctual drives upon personality
development and that Freud's deterministic view of
human nature was incorrect. Instead, Adler believed
in the power of the creative self in shaping responses
to the environment and personality and in finalisms or
that people are goal-oriented. Significant concepts
in his theory were the masculine protest, feelings of
inferiority leading to striving for superiority, ordinal
position of birth, the style of life and fictional finalisms.
Key aspects of Adlerian therapy include treating the
client as an equal to the therapist, trying to see the
world through the client's eyes, and encouraging the
client to behave in ways that lead to growth. Faculty Sponsor: DR. BARGAR
Crom, Christina; Peden, Kaylee. ABRAHAM MASLOW: "THE FATHER OF HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY".
Abraham Maslow, often referred to as the “father of humanistic psychology,” has been extremely influential to the world of psychology. With an optimistic view of humans and their potential for growth, Maslow introduced a new way of looking at personality. This poster examines Maslow’s biographical background, views on psychology, theory, and influence in present-day psychology. Faculty Sponsor:
Dennis, Curt. CARL G. JUNG AND THE COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS.
Carl Gustav Jung was a psychoanalysis’ that theorized that all individuals develop their personality through not only conscious experiences with the external world, but also through their “collective unconscious.” The collective unconscious being contents or modes of behavior that are universal in all individuals and owe their existence to heredity. In the contents of the collective unconscious are “archetypes,” which are the persona or mask of on one hand how we live our life in our external world and the other of how we live in our internal world. Faculty Sponsor: DR. BARGER
Fromm, Erich. ERICH FROMM: ESCAPING FREEDOM.
Fromm believes that the nature of humans is to self
preserve, which is the primary motive of human
behavior. He believes it is also in our nature to
feel the need to be related to the world outside of
oneself and to recognize oneself as an individual.
Fromm believes that freedom is the basic human
condition that posits a psychological problem. When
one becomes independent, they gain freedom and they
stand alone. Their freedom leaves them with feelings
of isolation and loneliness, so they seek ways to
escape freedom. Faculty Sponsor: BARGAR
Gossett, Theresa. INTERVIEW WITH JEAN PIAGET.
Jean Piaget was a developmental psychologist who wrote papers, articles, and numerous books on child development and epistomology. In the interview you will learn about his biography, his theory of the stages of child development, epistomology, and the influence he left on child development and cognitive learning. Faculty Sponsor: DR. BARGAR
Johnson, Cara. HENRY A. MURRAY.
This poster is a brief look at psychologist, Henry
A. Murray, and his personality theory. Basic
concepts and the impact of his research are
discussed. Faculty Sponsor: BARGAR
Jones, Rachel; Palmer, Brooke. ANNA FREUD 1895-1982.
Anna was born on December 3, 1895. She is the youngest daughter of Sigmund Freud. In her career, her main focus was on children and child psychoanalysis. She has written many books on how to treat children, and she provided clear explanations of the ego’s defense mechanisms. Her work on children has influenced many psychologists including Erik Erikson. \\r\\n Faculty Sponsor: JIM BARGER
King, B.J.. CARL ROGERS: PIONEERING CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY.
The humanistic theory to psychology influenced heavily by Carl Rogers has dramatically influenced various fields of professional work such as the industrial, nursing, social work, and religious work. This approach to psychology allows freedom of dignity with patience, intelligence, and understanding to each individual. Roger’s emphasis on the process, implications, and success through client-centered therapy is presented.
Faculty Sponsor: DR. JAMES BARGAR
(Kramer, Kelly) (Varner, Malorie). ERIK ERIKSON (1902-1994).
Erik Erikson was a famous developmental
\r\npsychologist \\r\\nfrom Frankfurt, Germany.
Prior \r\nto his discovery of \\r\\ndevelopmental
stages, he \r\nhad the opportunity to have
\\r\\nhis \r\npsychoanalytic training under the
eye of Anna \r\n\\r\\nFreud and August Aichhorn at
the Vienna \r\n\\r\\nPsychoanalytic Institute. He
then served as a \r\n\\r\\nResearch Fellow in
Psychology in the \r\nDepartment of
\\r\\nNeuropsychiatry of the Harvard \r\nMedical
School. \\r\\nErikson then developed what \r\nhe
became well known \\r\\nfor, the Eight Stages of
\r\nthe Developmental Theory: \\r\\nInfant-
\r\nTrust/Mistrust, Toddler-Autonomy vs. Shame
\\r\\nand \r\nDoubt, Preschooler-Initiative vs.
Guilt, School-\r\n\\r\\naged child: Industry vs.
Inferiority, \r\nAdolescent: \\r\\nIdentity vs.
Role Confusion, Young \r\nAdult: Intimacy
\\r\\nvs. Isolation, Middle Age \r\nAdult (40-65
years): \\r\\nGeneratively vs. \r\nStagnation and
Older Adult (65-\\r\\ndeath): \r\nIntegrity vs.
Despair. These stages helped \r\n\\r\\npeople
grasp an understanding of the mental \r\nprocess
\\r\\nat each important stage of life. Faculty Sponsor: DR. BARGER
McGuire, Vanessa. HANS EYSENCK: A BIOLOGICAL PERSONALITY THEORY.
Hans Eysenck was a theorist that believed in the use of the scientific method for conducting research. Hypotheses should be falsifiable, according to him. It was these beliefs that influenced his studies, writings, and contributions to psychology, for example his personality tests and fine tuning of data collecting outlets to make them more reliable and verifiable. Eysenck's theory has many uses in areas from teaching in the classroom to on the job placement and productivity. Faculty Sponsor: JIM BARGAR
Noakes, Nathan Williams, Antoinette. . ROLLO MAY: EXISTENTAILISM, THE PHILOSOPHY OF HUMAN NATURE AND PSYCHOANALYSIS..
Rollo May was known as the father of American existential psychology. He was able to tie together the philosophy of human nature with psychoanalysis. May focused his research on anxiety, power, creativity, intentions, love, will or diamonics, and loss of values. He also found it essential that we be aware of ourselves and responsible for ourselves so that we may in effect become our true selves. In addition, although May focused his theories towards being, he also focused on the nonbeing, or death, and found nonexistence as necessary as existence. Faculty Sponsor: DR.BARGAR
Ratliff, Jacqueline Brooks, Timothy. ALBERT ELLIS AND HIS REBT .
Albert Ellis was the personality theorist that came
up with rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT)
which can be used in many different ways during
clinical therapy sessions. Ellis would mainly use
REBT to help patients get over their phobias, or to
help them deal with their disabilities. He swore by
it because he used it himself to deal with his own
multiple disabilities that he had been diagnosed
with starting at the age of five. Faculty Sponsor: JIM BARGER
Skidmore, Jeni and Ashley & Atieh, Sami. A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF SIGMUND FREUD'S WORK.
This project outlines the basic theories Sigmund Freud developed throughout his studies and practice of psychology. This project includes a short background and an overview of his most well known theories. Faculty Sponsor: DR. BARGAR
Voltmer, Leah. Comninellis, Brittany. . GORDON ALLPORT'S THEROY OF PERSONALITY .
Gordon Allport was born in 1897 in Indiana. He grew up in a country family and spent much of his childhood alone.\\r\\n He attended harvard as an undergraduate, focusing on psychology and social ethics. After graduating he taught English\\r\\n and Sociology at Robert College in Istanbul, Turkey. He soon returned to Harvard and received his Ph. D. in Psychology\\r\\n in 1922. His dissertation, “ An Experimental Study of the Traits of Personality,” was the first American study on personality\\r\\n traits. He became an instructor at Harvard, teaching social ethics and developed an early course in personality. In 1926 he\\r\\n accepted an assistant professorship in psychology at Dartmouth, however in 1930 he returned to Harvard. He had many \\r\\ncontributions to psychology while at Harvard. He encouraged interdisciplinary studies and was pivotal in the creation of \\r\\nthe social relations department which combined three disciplines that he was deeply interested in; psychology, sociology\\r\\n and anthropology. He passed away in 1967. Faculty Sponsor: J. BARGAR