Committee on the Use of Human Subjects (CUHSR/IRB)

IRB SUMMARY: File Created: September 27, 2021
Department Chair Action Date: September 27, 2021
Current Status: Expired. Final Status Report or Extension Needed.
Confidentiality Data are not linked to individuals


[I am asking for continued exemption from MWSU that I received from FHSU in December 2020. I have attached my IRB exemption letter in the appendix of the attachment.] The purpose of the proposed study is to explore the makings of women leaders by specifically examining factors such as the influences of lived experiences on the leadership development of women. Specifically examining factors such as the influences of lived experiences on the leadership development of women leaders that have experienced crucible experiences. It is predicted that women leaders experience more lived adversity thus more crucible experiences. It is further anticipated that lived crucible experiences will be significantly different between BIPOC [Black, Indigenous, & Persons of Color] women leaders and non-BIPOC women leaders. These crucibles are transformational, mostly traumatic experiences that serve as tests or trials in shaping leadership development (Bennis & Thomas, 2002). The authors further described these crucibles as points of deep self-reflection that required the experiencer to question who they were and what mattered to them, examining their values, questioning their assumptions, and honing their judgment. Bennis and Thomas (2002) found that these crucible experiences caused the experiencer to emerge stronger and surer of themselves and their purpose. Evidence suggests benefits to enduring crucibles such as adversity, but character development is contingent upon a person’s ability to adapt and the degree of severity of the adversity. When properly channeled, adversity builds character, enhances a sense of well-being, improves resilience, strengthens persistence, and develops a positive mental outlook on life (Angood, 2016; Seery, Holman & Silver, 2010). The research questions to be addressed are as follows: Do BIPOC women leaders report greater amounts of lived adversity than non-BIPOC women leaders? [Quantitative] To answer this question we will use the Yale-Vermont Adversity in Childhood Scale [Y-VACS] (Hudziak, J.J. & Kaufman, J., 2014) and the Negative Life Experiences (NLEs) Scale (developed by PI). Do BIPOC women leaders report greater levels of resilience than non-BIPOC women leaders? [Quantitative] To answer this question we will use the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale [CD-RISC-25] (Connor & Davidson, 2003). How do BIPOC women leaders rate their Leadership Self-Efficacy [LSE/Competence] as compared to non-BIPOC women leaders? [Quantitative] To answer this question we will use the Leadership Self-Efficacy Scale [LSE] (Bobbio & Manganelli, 2009). Are specific personality traits common in BIPOC women leaders? [Quantitative/Qualitative] To answer this question [quantitatively] we will use the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire short form [MPQ-SF-40] (van der Zee, van Oudenhoven, Ponterotto & Fietzer, 2013) and the qualitative questionnaire. What are the makings of a BIPOC woman leader? [Qualitative] How do BIPOC women describe their leadership? What influence do lived crucible experiences have on the leadership development of BIPOC women leaders? Data mining on social media, the internet, databases, and independent curated sites (i.e.: various professional organizations/societies). All collaborators on this project are affiliated with professional societies and organizations in their various disciplines that would contribute to the diversity of our data sources.


The survey will be distributed electronically via Google Forms. After you finish reading the consent and your question is answered, you may click the “next” button to move on to the next section of the survey. Clicking “next” is giving consent to participate. You will move through a series of questionnaires starting with a demographic questionnaire to surveys evaluating lived adversities during childhood and adulthood, resilience, leadership self-efficacy, and multicultural personality traits. The total time to complete the survey is estimated to take 25-30 minutes so you have the option to stop the survey at any time, save your progress and pick back up at a later time. The final question of the survey asks if you are interested in participating in a follow-up qualitative phase of the project that will be conducted at a later time. If you select yes you will be asked to provide your email address for scheduling purposes; if you select no you are finished. Once you have completed all sections of the survey you will be routed to the debriefing statement. The last page of the online survey is the debriefing document. You may print out the debriefing page or just read the form and exit the survey. The debriefing form also provides you with contact information for the principal investigator. If the participant agrees to phase II; the qualitative component, they will be emailed the timeline activity (in the appendix) and asked to schedule a time to interview with a member of the research team. The interview will need to be conducted after the timeline activity has been returned. The interview will be conducted via Zoom and transcribed prior to being coded and analyzed. All data collected from both phases of data collection will be stored in a password-protected database with the primary investigator.


Participants may benefit from being able to analyze the results of their individual assessments such as their personal resilience, leadership self-efficacy, and multicultural personality scores, and thus apply that to their professional development. Furthermore, their participation may provoke their own desire to do research. The social benefits of research are understood to be the socially valuable (or good) outcomes received by the individuals other than the research participant, such as other individuals who may be experiencing the phenomenon, researchers, sponsors, or society as a whole. As this is social science research based in leadership it may generate both positive benefits in the form of the phenomena of leadership development and the factors that directly and indirectly influence it. The proposed study will further help to enhance the literature of Social Psychology, leadership studies, and other humanities and social sciences.


The target demographic for the proposed study is women who self-identify as leaders in any capacity who are at least 18 years old. Participants will be recruited via word of mouth and electronic communication (i.e.: email, social media, etc.). The selection processes are equitable in that any female leader that has electronic access to the survey materials can participate. The ONLY exclusion criteria are Sex: woman/female Age: 18+ Leadership Identity/Role The recruitment of research participants will be conducted via word of mouth through professional and personal contacts as well as through electronic communication such as email, social media, as well as academic, scholarly, and professional organizations and societies. Regardless of the medium of communication, the message will be the same (See recruitment statement). Participants will not receive compensation.


All data collected from both phases of data collection will be stored in a password-protected database with the primary investigator. No names or identifying information will be asked; instead, we will use pseudonyms. Responses to surveys will be downloaded into a computer program and stored for 5 years, after which the data will be deleted. Only the PI will have access to the database. Interviews will be recorded and transcribed and stored electronically as well. No PII or direct identifiers will be collected during this research study; instead, we will request the participants generate a unique pseudonym for anonymity. The qualitative interviews will be recorded and transcribed and stored electronically in the PIs password-protected database. As previously mentioned no PII will need to be collected; however, if it is shared by the participant it will not be reported by the research team. The research does not involve protected health information.


Any questions about proposals, procedures, etc. should be directed to the chair of the CUHSR